Skip to content


Making Latte Art

A Beginners Guide to Steaming Milk

If youre looking to make a perfect latte or cappuccino, youll need to master the art of steaming microfoam. Microfoam is a type of milk foam that has a smooth, velvety texture and a glossy sheen, and its essential for making a delicious latte or cappuccino, or latte art (if that's your goal).

In this walkthrough, we'll show you how you can steam microfoam like a pro. If you want to see the steps in action, we've linked our video walkthrough at the bottom of this page.

A Beginners Guide to Steaming Milk

The Gear

To steam milk, or microfoam you will need some equipment. 

You will need an espresso machine with a steam wand, and a milk jug or pitcher

If you don't have an espresso machine you can always use an electric milk frother to get your latte on. 

The Set Up

1. Start with cold milk. Cold milk will help create a better foam and make it easier to achieve the desired texture and temperature.

2. Fill the jug about halfway with cold milk. 

3. Insert your steam wand into the jug, anchoring the wand on the spout of the jug, and the tip of the wand on the surface of the milk.

The Technique

4. Turn your steam wand on and slowly pull your jug down until you hear a paper tearing sound... "ch ch ch ch ch". This is making the foam and aerating the milk. The longer you make this sound the thicker the foam. 3-5 seconds is enough for a latte, and 5-10 for cappuccino.

5. Once you have made enough milk foam submerge your wand into the milk about an inch away from the bottom of the jug.

6. Tilt your jug at about a 45° angle to create a vortex, this will smooth out your milk foam and make it extra creamy, while eliminating any larger bubbles.

The Finale

7. Finally, turn your steam wand off and slowly remove the jug. Give it a swirl or a tap on the counter to smooth it out even more if needed. 

8. Now you can add the milk to your espresso. 

You can practice this technique with cold water and a little bit of soap, this will mimic how the milk will foam... Just don't add it to your espresso! 

Need to learn how to brew espresso? Check out this blog post! 

Happy brewing!

A Beginners Guide to Steaming Milk

Check out the video below for an in depth dive into steaming milk and the technique to achieve latte art.


Older Post
Newer Post

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published


The Grind Difference: How Grind Size Shapes Your Coffee Brewing Experience

Apr 5, 2024

The Grind Difference: How Grind Size Shapes Your Coffee Brewing Experience

In the world of coffee brewing, one of the most influential factors determining the taste, aroma, and overall qualit...
Demystifying Tasting Notes: How to Decode Coffee Bag Flavour Descriptions

Mar 22, 2024

Demystifying Tasting Notes: How to Decode Coffee Flavour Descriptions

Have you ever picked up a bag of coffee beans and been intrigued by the array of flavour notes listed on the label? Understanding these descriptors can sometimes feel like deciphering a secret code... Let's dive into how to decode tasting notes!


We Know Coffee. We Deliver Coffee Experiences.

ECS Coffee has become the leader in all things coffee in Canada with Canada's largest online coffee & espresso gear store, state of the art retailing, coffee roasting and more.

Along with providing Canada with the widest selection of coffee & espresso gear, our coffee experts set us apart from the rest. Through our Youtube Channel walkthrough videos, blog resources and guides, we aim to educate you with everything you need to create the best coffee & espresso experience for your home or office.

Learn more


Our youtube channel features espresso machine reviews, coffee & espresso equipment comparisons, brew guides, maintenance guides and more! Explore the world of coffee with us as we unbox brand new machines, experiment and test different brew methods, and have fun with coffee.


Added to cart